Depression is a disease that affects approximately 10% of the population, not only adults, but also teenagers and children. The disease requires the understanding that it is not a state of sorrow or swing mood before everyday situations. It is a chemical answer against intense stress, genetic characteristics, consequence of alcohol and drugs use or life cycle changes.
Depression is more prevalent in women than in men, and in young adults aged between 25 and 30. Either way, none of the age group is free of having the disease.
We all react emotionally towards to everyday situations which we are subjected to. This is totally acceptable.
The person demonstrates an inconvenience when they show difficulties in performing tasks that were once easily done. When the symptoms last for more than two weeks, the person needs treatment.
The Characteristics of depression are:
Emptiness sensation, feeling of inferiority, tearfulness, loss of interest and pleasure in daily activities, sleep disturbances, impaired motor skills, feeding difficulties, loss of energy, decreased concentration, feelings of guilt, decreased libido and social isolation.
Some depressed people start consuming alcohol or other drugs as a way to “self-medicate” in order to try to relieve the unpleasant symptoms. In more severe cases, thoughts of death can lead to suicide.
At any stage it needs treatment. In mild and moderate cases Clinical Cleuza Canan performs psychotherapeutic treatment, and in severe cases, in-patient hospitalization is required with associated use of medication and psychotherapy.
The treatment time may vary according to the severity of the case, an improvement is expected by medication from 2 to 8 weeks, and maintenance for a period of 1 year. Some cases require hospitalization to protect the physical integrity and life of the patient.
The need for a safe and secure environment becomes evident. The family environment may not always provide it. People in the family circle can not leave their work and their normal activities to take care of the patient, and while they are alone, accidents may occur. At the clinic the depressive patient will be protected.
The most commonly used medications are antidepressants, which have no risk of causing dependence; there are side effects and interactions that must be considered when choosing the drug, and this is a task for the psychiatric. We offer 24/7 service, admission to treatment center, outpatient treatment and family support with specialized staff.
SOME QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT DEPRESSION:
Feeling of worthlessness and inferiority, guilt, sadness, isolation, emptiness, chronic pain of unknown cause, insomnia or oversleeping, lack or excess of appetite, loss of interest in activities that previously caused pleasure, apathy and lack of motivation to the practice of any activity, suicidal ideation and thoughts.
Yes, some types of depression are genetically inherited and need lifetime treatment, other ones are resulting from stressful moments, losses, separations, changes, etc. and require treatment for determined length time.
Combining psychotherapy and medication is the best way to control the disease.
The depressed person feels ashamed and inadequate. They usually have negative and catastrophic thoughts about life and it increases the fear of rejection. The patient also fears that even a therapist can be unable to understand and help them.
The family must understands that the person is not acting like this because they want to. It happens because they have no control over thoughts and emotions. Family must also encourage the patient to seek help, take medication properly, practice physical exercises and engage themselves in a spiritual program.
The child will show the same symptoms as the adults and may also: stop playing, be inattentive in school, keep on complaining of headaches and stomachaches, be afraid of irrational things, have insomnia, get upset or cry for no reason, have lack of appetite, etc.
Yes, they need psychotherapy, family counseling and medication.
Cleuza Canan Clinic has multidisciplinary staff that is available to assist in the diagnostic evaluation and treatment of depression. The faster the patient seeks help the lower the problems are and the bigger the chances of recovery are.